When is it appropriate to refer to a person as

when is it appropriate to refer to a person as ์• ?

It isnโ€™t something easily explained or understood in a few sentences, but hereโ€™s the basic situations.

  1. children are called ์•  by anyone the same age or older.
  2. teenagers are called ์•  similarly, among themselves and by adults.

One condition, though, is that the person referring to them as ์•  should be either the same age or older.
You generally canโ€™t call someone older ์•  without sounding inappropriate to the listener.

In a private setting, however, the boundary expands and ์•  is used much more broadly than the above.

So 40 something corporate workers might privately refer to their colleagues in another team as ๊ฑ”๋“ค (those guys), which is an ์• -based word.

In the lesson text, they are referring to one of their mutual friends of similar age as ์• , which is very common.

์•  and its derivatives take up a big part of pronouns and address words in Korean - ์–˜, ์Ÿค, ๊ฑ”, ์–˜๋“ค, ๋‚จ์ž์• , ์—ฌ์Ÿˆ์• , etc.