It is said that pensioners had a keen interest in the exchange rate between Indian Rupee and Pound Sterling

“The British Government’s rigid ‘principle’ has always been that members of the Colonial Service (HMOCS since 1954) were employees of the Government of the colony in which they served and that the colony was responsible for their pay and pensions … Few former colonies, headed by Ceylon, were granting any pension increases after attaining independence, or if granted they were at a rate less than inflation … Pleas to the Colonial Office received the standard response that pensions were the responsibility of the colonial government as the employer, and that in the case of the former colonies the continued payment of pensions was safeguarded by the Public Officers’ Agreements negotiated at the time of independence.”—Overseas Service Pensioners’ Association by Stephen Luscombe

“The Colonial Service was the British government service which administered most of Britain’s overseas possessions, under the authority of the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the Colonial Office in London. It did not operate in British India, where the same function was delivered by the Indian Civil Service.”

「インド省にいたときの体験にもとづいて書かれたのが、ケインズの最初の経済学に関する著作『インドの通貨と金融』である。・・・ 当時イギリスでポンドとルピーの為替レートが、単なる経済的次元を超えて、社会的な観点から大きな問題となっていたのは、イギリスの軍事費と国家公務員年金はインドが負担していて、ルピーで支払われていたからである。・・・ またイギリスの国家公務員は、その任期中に一度はインドに赴任することになっていて、インドのために働いたという名目がつくられていた。そして退職後の年金は当然、インドが負担することになっていた。E・M・フォスターの『インドへの道』の世界である。」


人間のための経済学 宇沢弘文

Indian Currecy and Finance—John Maynard Keynes

A Passage to India—E. M. Forster

George Orwell was born in a small town in India called Motihari on 25 June, 1903.

"Maugham affords a unique perspective on life in a British colony in the 1920s, in the sense that he was neither a settler, nor a British official, nor a “colonial” born of British parents in a Crown territory, nor a private individual with a sentimental stake in the country, like Kipling or Forster for instance, but rather an avid globe-trotter and keen observer of human nature. "